Diabetes is a disorder that affects nearly eighteen million people and the numbers continue to grow. There are two major types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is often called juvenile diabetes because patients are diagnosed as children. This form of the disease is an autoimmune syndrome that prevents the production of insulin within the pancreas. Without this vital enzyme the body is unable to break down glucose into its essential energy matrix to feed the tissues and cells. Type 2 diabetes is similar in symptoms but not in actual function. With this second form of the disease, the patient is often an adult when diagnosed and the belief is that environment may play a greater role.
For type 2 diabetics, the body may produce insulin but it may not be effective enough in performing its designated role. Regardless of which type of the disease is presented, all patients are in need of insulin. There are three variations on how insulin can be introduced to the system. The most common and frequent form of insulin introduction for type 1 diabetes is through injection. An injection involves a needle and a syringe. The patient or patient’s guardian fills the syringe with the required amount of synthetic insulin. The needle is then placed into a fatty tissue, where the syringe is depressed and insulin is released. It is always best to inject into the abdomen, upper arm, or thigh where the tissue has a higher fat concentration. Injections into the hip or buttocks will work, but will not be as effective for rapid absorption. For some type 2 diabetics an insulin pump may be necessary.
An insulin pump is a small machine, roughly the size of a small electronic device like a phone or pager, that clips to the clothing. A tube runs from the machine into the body, much like a catheter or an IV. The machine then administers the insulin through the machine at a preset interval. Due to the fluctuations of blood glucose levels in regards to exercise, diet and other factors, the insulin pump is often programmed to deliver different amounts of insulin at different points during the day. Insulin pumps are worn twenty four hours a day and provide around the clock delivery of the much needed hormone. The final option for insulin introduction is becoming more common for small children and others who are not comfortable with self injections.
Although some training is necessary to find the exact amount of pressure needed for various parts of the body, the benefits of an insulin jet injector are immense. An insulin jet injector uses a burst of highly pressurized air to push the insulin under the skin, without the use of a needle. The result is an increase in absorption and a decrease in time for the insulin which has been introduced. While previously cost prohibitive, insulin jet injectors are finding their way into the mainstream markets. No matter which insulin delivery method you decide to use, keep in mind that insulin is a mandatory metabolic hormone that must be carefully regulated and monitored. A medical professional is the most important person that you can consult and you should do so with any questions or concerns you may have regarding insulin and diabetes.